UPSC

What is UPSC Civil Service Exam?

Civil Service Exam is an exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year to recruit officers for All India Services, Group A and Group B services. It is a National level exam conducted in 3 stages Prelims, Mains and Interview for selecting suitable candidates possessing Officer-like-qualities.

What is the age limit for the Civil Service Exam?

Minimum age limit:
A candidate should have attained minimum 21 years and should have complete Graduation (Any Stream) to appear in this exam.

General Candidate:
6 Attempts up to the age of 32 years.

Other Backward Caste:
9 Attempts up to the age of 35 years.

Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe:
Unlimited attempts up to the age of 37 years.

What are the services for which Civil Service Exam is conducted?

UPSC CSE exam is conducted each year to recruit officers for 24 different services. It can be classified into 3 types:-

All India Services:

  • (i) Indian Administrative Service.
  • (ii) Indian Foreign Service.
  • (iii) Indian Police Service.
  • Group A Services :
  • (iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.(vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.
  • (ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration).
  • (x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’
  • (xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.
  • (xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’.
  • (xix) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group ‘A’.
  • Group B Services:
  • (xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).
  • (xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’.
  • (xxii) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’.
  • (xxiii) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’.
  • (xxiv) Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’.

What is the syllabus for the exam?

CSE exam is conducted in 3 stages, Prelims Mains and Interview.

Prelims:

Part A—Preliminary Examination

Paper I – (200 marks)

Duration: Two hours

 

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy,
    Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion,
    Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not
    require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

Paper II-(200 marks)

Duration: Two hours

 

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level)

Mains Examination

PaperSubjectMarks
Paper-1Essay250
Paper-2

General Studies 1

Indian Heritage and Culture
  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times
History
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the presentsignificant events, personalities, issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
Geography
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Industries in various parts of the world (including India).
Indian Society
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
250
Paper-3

General Studies 2

Polity and Constitution :
  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
Governance & Social Justice :
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy
International Relations :
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
250
Paper-4

General Studies 3

Economy
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on
  • industrial growth
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models
Agriculture
  • Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
Science and Technology
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Environment
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and egradation, environmental impact assessment.
Security
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
Disaster Management
  • Disaster and disaster management.
250
Paper-5

General Studies 4

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues
250
Paper-6Optional Paper 1250
Paper-7Optional Paper 2250
Paper-8

English Language (Compulsary)

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :

  1. (i) Comprehension of given passages.
  2. (ii) Précis Writing.
  3. (iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
  4. (iv) Short Essays.
250
Paper-9

Indian Language (Compulsary)

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:

  1. (i) Comprehension of given passages.
  2. (ii) Précis Writing.
  3. (iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
  4. (iv) Short Essays.
  5. (v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa
250
TOTAL2025
What's New?